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Because of this early association, the Potawatomi, the Ottawa, and the Ojibwa are known collectively as the Three Fires.
The Ojibwa met non-Native Americans in the 1600s, possibly hearing about Europeans through the Huron people.
The Anishinabe acquired the names Ojibwa and Chippewa from French traders. In 1951, Inez Hilger noted that more than 70 different names were used for Ojibwa in written accounts (M.
The Ojibwa call themselves the Anishinabeg (also spelled Anishinaabeg, or if singular, Anishinabe) for "first" or "original people." In the eighteenth century the French called Ojibwa living near the eastern shore of Lake Superior Salteaux or Salteurs, "People of the Falls." These terms now used only in Canada.
The first written European accounts about the Ojibwa appeared in Jesuit diaries, published in collected form as the Jesuit Relations and Allied Documents. Fur trading, especially the exchange of beaver pelts for goods including firearms, flourished until the 1800s.
The Jesuits were followed by French explorers and fur traders, who were succeeded by British fur traders, explorers, and soldiers and later by U. The Ojibwa traded with representatives of fur companies or indirectly through salaried or independent traders called coureurs des bois.
In addition to furs, the land around the Great Lakes was rich in copper and iron ore, lumber, and waterpower, all natural resources that were coveted by non-Native Americans.
Competition in trading led to intertribal conflict.